Plant Breeders, Assemble!
How interdisciplinary teams are working together for plant improvement?
Professor, MSU Foundation Professor & William J Beale Distinguished Faculty
Department of Plant Biology
Michigan State University
Bio: Dr. C. Robin Buell received her Ph.D. from Utah State University in 1992 and was a postdoctoral fellow in the DOE Plant Research Laboratory at Michigan State University, followed by a USDA and then a NIH postdoctoral fellowship at the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology in Stanford, CA. In 1997, she accepted a position as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Louisiana State University. In 1999, she joined the faculty at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) in Rockville, MD where she remained until 2007 when she joined the Department of Plant Biology at MSU. Her research is focused on the genome biology of plants and plant pathogens, including comparative genomics, bioinformatics, and computational biology. Her research involves crop plants (corn, rice, potato, sweetpotato), biofuels (switchgrass), and medicinal/herbal plants (periwinkle, mints, nightshade, ginseng, Camptotheca) while her work with plant pathogens has focused primarily on bacteria and oomycetes. She was a central member of the consortium that generated the rice genome sequence, a crop that feeds 50% of the world’s population every day, and developed a public database for rice researchers that receives over two million visits each year from scientists across the world. From her work on medicinal plants, she developed and maintains the Medicinal Plant Genomics Resource that has enabled discoveries in natural product biosyntheis. She has received funding from NSF, USDA, DOE, NIH, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and published over 200 papers. Dr. Buell has an active research group composed of postdoctoral research fellows, research assistants, graduate students, undergraduate students and high school interns and collaborates with scientists across the United States and throughout the world. She has served as an editor at Plant Physiology, the Plant Genome, Crop Science, Frontiers in Plant Genetics and Genomics, and Plant Cell. She has served as an advisor to several large plant genome research consortia and the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement for Science and the American Society of Plant Biologists.
Biometrics and Statistics Unit
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
Bio: Uruguayan national and graduate of the Republic University of Uruguay (BS, Agriculture, 1974) and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (PhD, Statistics and Quantitative Genetics, 1984), Crossa came to CIMMYT as a postdoctoral fellow in the Maize Research Program in 1984. He has helped define key methodologies for conserving and using the center's maize genetic resources, covering proper regeneration procedures and strategies for forming core subsets of large germplasm collections. Crossa’s theoretical and practical work on genetic resources conservation made him to be selected the best scientist of the CGIAR Centers in 2008. His substantive body of research and publications has addressed many other areas of breeding and agronomy research, including genotype x environment, and QTL x environment interactions, general breeding and experimental design, hybrids and heterotic patterns, and association mapping, to name a few important subjects, and enjoys international acclaim and application. Crossa is a Fellow of the Agronomy Society of America and of the Crop Science Society of America, Member of the Mexican Academy of Science, Member of the National Research System of the National Council of Research and Technology (CONACYT) of Mexico, invited professor at Universities in Mexico and Uruguay, and Adjunct Professor at the University of Nebraska – Department of Statistics and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture. Articles he has co-authored on maize genetic conservation and breeding have on six occasions received recognition for being among the three best published papers of the year by the Genetic Resource Conservation Division of the Crop Science Journal of the Crop Science Society of America. Recently, Crossa and colleges impacted plant breeding by being one of the first researchers in showing genomic-enabled predictions models with high accuracy using pedigree and markers information applied in massive maize (and wheat) field data. Few years later he and colleagues showed how to incorporate genotype × environment interaction into the genomic-enabled prediction models together with marker, pedigree and meteorological and climatic data. Crossa has over 310 scientific articles published in referee journals and more than 30 book chapters. A new book written with a colleague in modern phenotypic and genomic selection indices methods for plant breeding will be published in 2018.
Research Plant Pathologist and Adjunct Associate Professor
University of Minnesota
Bio: Plant pathologist Dr. Matthew Rouse works at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service’s Cereal Disease Laboratory and serves as Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Minnesota. Matt joined the CDL in 2010 immediately after completing a PhD in plant pathology at the University of Minnesota. He earned an M.S. degree in plant pathology from Kansas State University and a B.S. degree in Zoology from Oklahoma State University. As part of the CDL, Matt’s research mission is to reduce losses in wheat and barley to major diseases including stem rust and leaf rust. Matt has contributed towards solutions to the threat of Ug99 and other emerging virulent races of the stem rust pathogen. In the fight against Ug99, Matt has conducted research in Kenya, Ethiopia, and in a biocontainment facility at the University of Minnesota. Excellent team members at the CDL, University of Minnesota, and international collaborators worked with Matt to make rapid progress in identifying new stem rust resistance genes, establishing new field disease screening nurseries in Ethiopia, and assisting breeders in the release of stem rust resistant wheat varieties across the globe. Matt and his beautiful wife Alicia have two young children.
Regents Professor and the Borlaug-Monsanto Chair in Crop Improvement
Texas A&M University
Bio: Dr. William Rooney is a Regents Professor and the Borlaug-Monsanto Chair in Crop Improvement in the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences at Texas A&M University. He earned his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Agronomy and Plant Breeding, respectively at Texas A&M University. He completed his Ph.D. in Plant Breeding and Genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1992. Since 1995, he has led a sorghum improvement program with the goal of enhancing the productivity and profitability of grain, forage and bioenergy sorghums.